Tanzania - February 2017
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Sunday 19 February 2017
Well, here we go again ... and a warm welcome to any new 'bloggees'.
As always, do get in touch if you have any updates from other sources or are
reading this blog in some obscure corner of the planet.
Earlier this afternoon, the two teams met up in Terminal 4 at
Heathrow. This year they are going to be based on the western shore of Lake
Victoria and have a 4-leg journey to jet there:
London ► Nairobi ► Dar es
Salaam ► Mwanza ► Bukoba
and they were fearful that something might go
awry with one of the connections.
Kiaran, one of the team leaders, had an extra
leg (of her journey - not a superfluous limb!) as she was flying down from
Leeds/Bradford and had to transfer from T5 to T4 but Liz texted me to say
that they had all met up successfully, unlike one previous trip when someone
forgot their passport!
There were some newbies and some who had been
many times before. This is Liz's eleventh trip but Judy, the other
team leader, has been about 20 times, with multiple trips each year.
Before I left, they were handing out the
Bridge2Aid T-shirts and generally getting to know each other. I left in time
to get back for the Manchester United match, not so much a case of me
prioritising; more just me being in the way if I hung around.
Kenya Airways flight KQ101 was due to take off
at 17:25 and according to FlightAware, actually pushed back 19 minutes
early. They are due to land in Nairobi at 05:00 local time (02:00 in the UK)
and should be OK for the next leg as they have a layover of 1hr 50 mins.
Nairobi Airport is notorious for 'losing' luggage; their luggage is checked
through to Dar as the second leg is also Kenya Airways but it will be
interesting to see whether all of the luggage makes its way through to Dar.
landed at Nairobi airport at 04:26 local time (01:26 in the UK) and I got a
text from Liz to say that she was sitting on the next plane.
They then caught
Kenya Airways flight KQ 480 to Dar, the commercial capital of Tanzania.
Since 1996 the administrative capital has been the new city of Dodoma,
although, in true African fashion, Dodoma, is in the middle of nowhere and
has more of an airstrip than an airport.
The plane for
the second leg was due to take off at 06:50 local time and actually took off
at 07:02, which really is pretty good. It's only a 1½
hour hop down to Dar but it will be feel like it's a different world as Dar
is so humid and, if the airport is air-conditioned, I didn't notice it when
I joined Liz last year. Indeed, Liz has just texted me to say that she is
sitting in Dar airport in high humidity; mo mention of any luggage missing !
got an amazing view of Mount Kilimanjaro, completely covered in snow (which
is, unfortunately, rare these days) as they flew down from Nairobi. Normally
it looks like the picture (left) which she took on a previous trip). A
couple of years ago we got an email, out of the blue, from someone in the
US, who had found her picture online and asked permission to use it in a
book that they were writing.
They landed at
Dar at 08:02 (05:02 in the UK), which, again, puts them well on schedule as
the next flight to Mwanza doesn't leave until 10:10. The carrier, this time,
is FastJet, the East African no-frills airline that was founded by
Haji-Ioannou, the guy who founded easyJet.
In fact the flight to Mwanza pushed back at 10:03 and so they
are still well on time. For people who are new to this blog and the work of
Bridge2Aid (B2A), Mwanza, on the southern shore of Lake Victoria, is where
the charity is based and where it also runs a state-of-the-art dental
clinic, the Hope Dental Centre, a fee-paying dental practice, the profits
from which help to fund the main work of the charity, which is to train
Clinical Officers to be able to provide basic dental treatment in remote
I have just received a text from Liz from the departure
'lounge' at Mwanza airport where they are waiting for the charter plane that
will take them up to Bukoba. As usual, it is MUCH cooler and less humid up
on the lake shore.
'phoned me from Bukoba, where she is staying overnight at the ELCT Hotel
http://www.elctbukobahotel.com/index.php ) ELCT apparently stands for
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania. It was very odd
because I could hear some African magpie squawking in the background. She
said that she had also seen some hadada ibis in the hotel grounds.
Tomorrow they will be having their 'orientation' session at the Victorious
Perch Hotel (see
http://www.victoriousperchhotel.com/ ) which is where the other team
will be based. After that Liz's team will set off for
Muleba, 110 km south of Bukoba (see map), where
they will be based. The country to the North is Uganda and the country to
the West is Rwanda.
Later I actually managed to have a Skype
conversation with Liz, which I don't think we have ever achieved to/from
Tanzania before. She also managed to send me a few photos - see below.
As you can see, they actually travelled from
Mwanza to Bukoba in two 12-seater planes. En route they got a good view of
the various islands in the lake.
see that Tanzania was in the news yesterday and not for positive reasons:
Liz said that she had passed by the impressive Catholic cathedral in Bukoba
and I have managed to find a picture of it. Its full name is the Mater
Misericordiae Church (Mother of Mercy) and it was opened in 2012.(see
Below, also, is a photo of an hadada ibis, which Liz reported seeing
yesterday. I don't think that either of us had seen one before. As one
friend has asked, does this make the hotel part of the Hotel Ibis chain !
texted me at about 17:45 local time to say that they had just arrived at the
hotel in Muleba, where they will be based. It's called the Nalphin Hotel and
is a bit basic but looks OK. There is a large function room but they are on
the far side of the hotel and hope, therefore, that they are not disturbed.
The hotel has a website, which you can find on Google
but DO NOT try and access this site as it appears to have a virus and Google
warns users against the site. Hopefully this is the only virus associated
with the hotel!
said that the grounds of the hotel in Bukoba were great and that she had
seen a Nubian woodpecker (another first!), a grey-headed kingfisher and
about 30 pelicans in a tree. Unfortunately, she was kept awake by dogs
barking; we have a 3-month puppy and so it was a bit like being at home !
drive along the shoreline was was lovely, with banana, pineapples and
papyrus growing in the fields. Interesting that, because Lake Victoria is so
vast, Liz referred to it as the 'coast' road. She saw lots of weird
contraptions outside houses made of corrugated iron. Apparently these are
used to catch grasshoppers to supplement the diet ! I guess that they could
be called hopper hoppers. I don't know if this what she means but I have
managed to find a picture of grasshopper traps in Uganda, which is not that
far away (see picture left)
the orientation this morning, she learnt that 834 volunteers have now gone
out to Tanzania with Brideg2Aid on 84 separate trips. They have trained 491
Clinical Officers and and treated 42,510 patients on those trips. As a
result of the training, 4.5 MILLION people now have access to basic
dental services where, previously, there was nothing. The ratio of people to
dentists in Tanzania is getting better but it is still 128,000:1.
percentage of the population that is HIV-positive now stands at 5.2%.
Average wage is USD 1.00 per day - about the price of a Twix (not that I
ever buy said confectionery, of course).
reader has just contacted me to say that he is reading this blog in the
wilds of Glencoe in the Scottish Highlands. It is already raining and, with
Storm Doris heading that way, I would rather be in the comfort of my own
home at the moment.I spoke to Liz just before
she went to bed (see photo of hotel room) and she said that there is
definitely no WIFI but I may get photos coming through from the other team
Today they set
off at about 07:30 to the first of the two clinics. This is in the village
of Kamachumu, about 50 km away from Muleba. To get there they have to drive
back up the road to Bukoba and then off on a murram (compacted earth) side
road. I managed to find a photo of the daily banana market in Kamachumu
Today's 'reader in foreign parts' is my nephew's wife who says she had been
reading this blog - in Utah! Another reader has let me know that they are in
Dundee but I think that Utah trumps that (if you will excuse the most
More importantly, I received an email that appeared in my
InBox as coming from Емилия Илиева. As my Cyrillic is not that good, it was
only when I opened the email that I found that it was from Emilia Ilieva in
Bulgaria. She explained that she is the mother of Teodora (Teddy), one of
the members of the Muleba team. I have sent Liz a text so that she can tell
Teodora that her parents are keeping up with progress.
(probably by text message) some pictures of the team at the Kamachumu clinic
today have made their way onto the B2A website. The link is:
Liz said that,
once they were off the main road, they climbed into the hills along a valley
and the area seemed reasonably 'affluent' by African standards. Bananas are
definitely the dominant crop and a lady, who runs a café
in the village, prepared lunch for them, which included banana fritters.
There are 4 male and 2 female Clinical Officers and one of the ladies,
Fausta (echoes of Goethe!) was assigned to Liz. Their second patient had a
marked gap between his lower incisors and Liz quickly diagnosed that he had
a broken jaw. No strange African illness, however; he had been in fight a
week ago !
They treated one man who was 93 years old, a real rarity in an area where
the average life expectancy for men is only 58.! The clinic is quite new and
they are working outside on a balcony with a balustrade but the area is
covered. Needless to say, even though it is new, there is no running water
nor electricity !
Ever the bird-watcher, Liz saw a long-crested eagle (left) sitting on a
telegraph post and some very pretty lesser striped swallows.
the absence of 'live' photos from the team, I have found a picture of the
plantations in and around Kamachumu (left) and one of some of the local
Interesting to note that, this evening, the BBC is running a
programme (Born Too White) on albinism in Africa. Previous
readers of this blog will know that Bridge2Aid has strong links with a
village called Bukumbi which offers a shelter for albinos and lepers; Liz
visited the village a few years ago when she first went out. Whilst albinos
are shunned - whilst they are alive - their body parts are considered, by
local witch doctors, to have special powers. As a result many albinos are
killed for that very reason. Much of this takes place in the Lake Victoria
basin area. In 2015, in an attempt to make albinism less ostracised, an
albino minister was appointed to the Tanzanian government (see
They saw 93 patients today and Liz worked again with Fausta
who had to give a talk to the crowd. Not all of the crowd spoke Swahili and
so they had to get a lady from the crowd to demonstrate in the local
Below is a picture of training at Katoro clinic, where the
Bukoba-based team are working today.
Today is the
birthday of Beatriz, one of Liz's team, and I was contacted yesterday
evening by her husband, who is enjoying reading the blog.
Happy Birthday Beatriz !
Liz said that they had a little party and sang 'Happy
Birthday' in Spanish. They asked at the bar if they had any wine and bought
a bottle of Proudly Tanzanian wine for about £5.00. When it came, it
turned out that it was rather sweet altar wine!
Amazingly, I have managed to find a picture of a bottle of
Liz said that
she treated a young lad today who has had dental pain for about 10 years. He
had been along to the local witch doctor who had given him some 'traditional
medicine' to put on it and he had been applying this for years but the only
effect was to wear away the gum down to the bone (Heaven know what the salve
was!). A quick examination revealed that it was all due to a bit of infected
root that had been left in the jaw. 5 seconds later and it was out !
They also saw a
lady whose face was so swollen that she could not really open her mouth.
There is a small 'hospital' next to the clinic and she has now been admitted
and put onto an antibiotic drip. Hopefully, this will reduce the swelling
and they will then be able to diagnose what is wrong with her. Chances are
that it will be something very simple that has been allowed to get worse and
Below is a
picture of training at Katoro clinic, where the Bukoba-based team are
working today. Hopefully there will be some pictures from Kamachumu
I filled Liz in
on the impact of Storm Doris but i am sure that, to someone who is doing
intense work in a humid environment 'in the bush', fallen trees and blocked
railway lines must seem a world away.
received some photos from Judy's team in Bukoba and these are to be found
grasshopper traps ? Well, it looks as if the Bukoba team have been tucking
into them for lunch. I guess that they add a whole new meaning to the phrase
'spring rolls' !
you did not manage to see the BBC programme last night about albinism in
Tanzania, do try and watch it on catch-up. It was fascinating .... if a
VERY hard watch at times. It was odd for me to think that Liz would
recognise many of the roads around Mwanza and surrounding villages. The
programme gave a very good insight into rural life in that area.
morning I received an email from Julio and Rosario Sánchez-Álvarez in
Pamplona in Spain. They are Beatriz's parents and have been avidly reading
the blog, which makes it all worth while.
I also received
another email from the Bukoba team, who have now had a chance of reading the
blog and have been able to fill in an important gap .... left you will see a
photo of the view of Mount Kilimanjaro that they had as they flew from
Nairobi to Dar. Apparently the pilot dipped the wings so that everyone could
see the sight.
Today was their penultimate day at Kamachumu and it was exhausting,
as they saw 122 patients, which is a lot !
4 patients arrived late in the afternoon and they felt
obliged to see them as they had walked
for FOUR HOURS to get to the clinic, Crispin, the site
administrator at the clinic, was able to converse with people in the local
tribal language which is Haya (see
Good news ! The lady from yesterday with the swollen face had
responded to the antibiotics and they were able to treat her as the swelling
They saw lots of people on bicycles with huge bunches of
green bananas to sell at the local market (see photo from Wednesday's
Liz says that she saw a pied kingfisher on the way home. Quite how she knew
it was on its way home, I don't know but it was down by the river. I believe
that, apart from hummingbirds, they are the only bird that can hover without
a facing wind (see photo below). They then dive vertically from the hover
and their hit rate for coming back out with a fish is very high.
Liz trained Moyo today. He is the oldest of the Clinical
Officers at 58 (the others are in their 20s and 30s). 'Moyo' is actually his
surname but he likes to use it as it means 'heart' in Swahili.
When we spoke they were sitting in the outside restaurant
area, listening to some VERY loud band playing African music. The problem of
course, is that there are not a lot of hotels in Muleba !
I see that,
overnight, President Trump excluded from a briefing representatives from
certain press organisations that he doesn't like (including the BBC). As I used the word 'trump'
in Wednesday's entry to this blog, I am now expecting an injunction to be
taken out to take this blog offline !
Today is their
last day at the clinic in Kamachumu before they have a rest day and then
move to the second clinic.
patients today which, as far as I am aware, is some sort of record for teams
that Liz has been on. This was despite the fact that it was raining in the
Kiaran, the team leader, and Liz ended up treating patients whilst everyone
else was packing up. This included one 17 year old girl who arrived almost
as they were clearing up; she started to cry as she was so desperate to be
seen and, of course, they saw her.
Liz was with Mwanaidi today, an Islamic name that means
'Child of Thursday'. She had previously been with Stuart, one of the other
dentists and Liz said that she had shown huge improvement over the last few
days. She is left-handed which makes it very strange when training her.
The plan for tomorrow (their day off) is that some of them
will attend the first (of three!) hour of the service at the local church
whilst the others go to the local market. They then hope to meet up with the
Bukoba team at a waterfall which they had passed en route to the clinic.
I have found a picture on Google (left) of the waterfall and Liz has
confirmed that this is the road they have been travelling along to
get to the clinic.
The plan is to have a lunch of the local delicacy - chip
got a text from Liz, early this morning, to say that she probably doesn't
need to go to the church this morning as she was woken - at 06:00 - by some
sort of service being blasted out over loudspeakers for an hour an a half.
In the past, she has been woken by the Call to Prayer in Muslim parts of
Tanzania and it will be interesting to find out exactly what this was.
She texted me
later to say that they had arrived at the church in time for the 50 (yes
FIFTY) minute sermon on giving. She described the preacher as the Swahili
equivalent of the late Rev Ian Paisley. People came up to the altar with
gifts of bananas, sugar cane, etc. and then it was 'hands in pockets' time.
The team were
welcomed by the ministers and Mussa (their local fixer) explained the role
of Bridge2Aid and they were given an opportunity to take the mike and say
hello. They may regret it tomorrow when there are huge queues at the clinic.
The rest of the
team went to the local market (right) and bought some material, which a
tailor is making into dresses at a cost of £8 for two.
herd of Ankole-Watusi cattle (left) spend the night in a field next to Liz's
room. The mooing is very comforting as long as it's not too early !
fact from yesterday. Apparently the new president introduced a new community
day on the last Saturday of every month. Tanzanians are not allowed to work
in their own business but must spend the day picking up litter and cleaning.
Given the amount of litter along the verges of Hertfordshire, this strikes
me as an excellent initiative for the UK.
They walked to
the waterfall this afternoon, escorted by hordes of village children. En
route they passed lots of smallholdings, growing bananas, cassava, coffee
and moringa beans.
The other team
had been to another waterfall and bat cave (did they meet Michael Caine?)
and then they all met at a restaurant for chip omelette (see
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chipsi_mayai ). In true Tanzania fashion
the food took TWO HOURS to arrive. Liz is never sure what actually
goes on in the kitchen; perhaps they are waiting for the potato plants to
ripen ? Apparently i will be sent, in due course, a photo of them all, once
the Bukoba team are back in their hotel. It will be good to have a 'live'
photo of the Muleba team.
Later in the
evening i got a text from Liz to say that she had been thinking of me, down
at the Odyssey Health Club, watching Manchester united bear Southampton. She
and the team had been watching it in the restaurant in Muleba - small world
they set off for the second clinic, which is situated in the town of Izigo.
Unfortunately, Izigo does not show on Google maps but it appears to be north
of Muleba (I.e. back towards Bukoba) but not as far as the junction they
turned off at to go to the first clinic. This means that their travelling
time each day will be about half of the rime they took to get to Kamachumu,
It will also be along a main road and not along the murram road which can be
when I searched 'Izigo' on Google, I found one site that offered to give me
the latest Ski Weather for Izigo ! If only I had known that Liz was sneaking
in a few days on the piste ! I was also directed to numerous pictures of the
iZi Go car-seat for babies - oh the wonders of Google !
site I think I have located Izigo and you will find an aerial view of
the village on the left. The North-South road is the main road from Muleba,
where they are staying (to the South), back to Bukoba, where the other team
is based. Izigo does not appear to be a particularly large place but i am
sure that patients will walk a long way to get to the clinic. As mentioned
earlier in this blog, the local tribe is the Haya people; I found a picture
of a traditional Haya house which can be seen on the right.
I got a text
from Liz at 06:30 (UK) time which is 09:30 in Izigo, where they were sitting
in the bus outside the clinic. She was watching rivers of mud passing them
as they have had torrential rain for two hours. The irony is that they have
had no running water in the hotel for the past 24 hours. Luckily Liz filled
a large bucket with water yesterday morning - the advantage of being a
seasoned traveller to Tanzania!
are starting to queue up already despite the weather. From the online
forecast it looks as if it will be raining heavily all week; at least that
tends to mean that the humidity drops off.
The clinic in
Izigo is very similar to the one last week but ..... STOP THE PRESSES!
this one has electricity and the ceiling fans and lights work. They
also have sinks with taps but, needless to say, no running water !
They saw 65
patients today. Fausta had to go back to Mwanza to complete some of her
Clinical Officer exams and so Liz was 'floating' between trainees and also
doing paperwork as well as training Joseph, the guy from Bridge2Aid in
Tanzania. The lady who runs the local café turned up with
some very tasty food for their lunch.
They appear to
have a tame hornbill sitting in a tree by the clinic all day. It's probably
a Tanzanian red-billed hornbill (see left) but I will check.
As part of their
campaign to get volunteers for the next trip in May, Bridge2Aid have put the
following clip on their website of the trip to one of the clinics. It gives
a good idea of what the team experience every morning.
I spoke with Liz just after they had been playing JENGA in
the bar. How appropriate, as 'jenga' is a Swahili word, meaning 'construct'.
Later in the evening, I received pictures from the Buokba
team of the meeting of the two teams on Sunday. Below is a photo of all of
them at lunch and a photo of tilapia and the notorious chip omelettes !
day at the clinic in Izigo. I see that the weather report is for another
thunderstorm in the area; if you have ever been to the tropics, you will
know that it is amazing just how much water can come down in a short period
of time. Usually, however, this has little impact on the number of patients
who turn up as they are so desperate for treatment. Bridge2Aid arrange for
notices to be put up in surrounding villages, advising the population of the
days that the team will be at the clinic.
is one that I found of two ladies walking to Izigo village. This should give
you an idea of the sort of paths that the patients walk along to get to the
clinic - pretty muddy in the rain !
I imagine that
the dresses the team had made were in such bright material.
They saw 106
patients today, which is a lot considering that the clinical officers sat
their theory examination in the afternoon. Liz was training Moyo again today
and said that the day was exhausting. she certainly sounded so when I spoke
to her later in the evening.
clinic, and the one in Kamachumu, were funded by an American charity. The
one in Izigo is destined to be an HIV clinic and one room is already being
used for testing. The Regional Dental Officer, Dr Hassan, who spent the day
with them today, was encouraging patients to get themselves tested; not part
of the routine patter at the dental surgery in Knebworth !
Bridge2Aid have posted a slideshow of
photos of the Muleba team. To access this show, click on the
If you have friends or relatives who are part of
the Bukoba team, click on the following link to see a slideshow of
the work of the other team:
which also contains photos of their visit to
photo comes from the website of another charity that is doing work in Izigo
village (http://cosad.org/communities-projects), with their interestingly
named One Woman, One Goat initiative. There are lots of photos of
Izigo village on that site.
It looks like
there is another thunderstorm headed their way and the temperature is only
220 C, which is quite a bit lower than
Liz has experienced on previous trips.
They saw 128
patients today. Unfortunately, Fausta has not returned yet from her exams
in Mwanza as it takes FIVE hours each way by bus.. Liz spent the day with Dr Sadoth who is acting as Dr Leotye, the
District Dental Officer has been busy at his hospital.
Liz was worried
yesterday that Moyo was having problems seeing properly and so he is now the
proud owner of Liz's spare pair of reading glasses.
The local cook
excelled herself today with NINE separate dishes, including fish stew, beef,
chips, cassava, bananas and spinach.
Just as she
texted me a family of green vervet monkeys ran across the road in front
of the bus.
On the left is a sweet picture of one of yesterday's smallest
patient who visited the clinic being run by the Bukoba team.
When I spoke to Liz this evening, she said that she had had
her first shower for five days as the water pressure in the hotel has
just not been strong enough. Mussa had brought along some grasshoppers for
them to try. I am reliably informed that they taste like pork scratchings.
Liz said it was a bit like the Bushtucker Challenge in I'm a Celebrity;
get me out of here. Mussa ate the leftovers !
Today they treated the security guard at the clinic and his
daughter. He has been really good and has stayed on long after he should
have left and he asked if they could give him
for the extra work.
This evening Kiaran, the team leader, gave each of the team a
small bell, inscribed with a different message for each of them; nice touch
they are due to finish at Izigo just after lunch and make their way back to
Bukoba for a debrief with the other team.
this morning to find an incoming email from Judy Beckerson, the leader of
the Bukoba team. She said that it is very odd staying at a hotel that has
WIFI but that it slows considerably when they all get back and want to
access the internet at the same time. She sent a picture of the bats that
they saw in the cave on their day off (the team had a day off... not the
bats !).When you see a picture of a bat you appreciate why the German for
'bat' is 'flying mouse'.
next time I hear from Liz she should be back at the ELCT Hotel in Bukoba and
we will be able to communicate via Skype. This will also be the first
opportunity that she has of reading this blog herself.
They saw 130
patients this morning before they left the clinic. That is a VAST number of
patients and it left them all exhausted. The good news is that all of the
trainees passed and so they had their usual ceremony with certificates, etc.
before they went into their end-of-trip meal in the Victorious Perch Hotel,
Liz managed to Skype and, for a fleeting moment, I saw a grainy image of
her. Far more important, though, was that she was able to see (and hear!)
our 4-month old Bernese Mountain Dog puppy, Bailey. Right is a picture of
her in our garden this afternoon (more for Liz to see than other
readers!).I'm not sure who is missing whom the more.
Teddy's mother has included a link to this blog on Facebook and there have
been over 400 hits, which is gratifying.
fly back to Mwanza and then go their separate ways, of which more tomorrow.
following link for a message from the Chief Executive of Bridge2Aid, Mark
See also the
following clip, which gives you a good idea of just how desperate the
villagers are to get a numbered ticket to be seen by a dentist:
This morning they fly on a
charter flight from Bukoba back to Mwanza, where Bridge2Aid is based.
Some of them are
then flying back to the UK (via Dar and Nairobi) landing back at Heathrow at
are going on a mini-safari in the Serengeti. Liz, Judy and Kiaran are
staying until Monday but the others fly back on Sunday (again via Dar and
Nairobi) and land at 15:30 on Monday. Kiaran, Judy and Liz are staying an
extra day and arrive back on Tuesday morning, flying with KLM via Amsterdam.
I got a text from Liz to say that they had flown to Mwanza and were in the
safari vehicle and on the way to the Serengeti. They are going to make a
halt at Stopover Lodge, the place that they used as their base on Liz's
first trip with B2A back in 2008.
I believe that
they were going to stay at separate lodges but that they are now all staying
at the Mbalageti Lodge (see
http://www.mbalageti.com/ ) which looks VERY nice. Fortunately, I am
not at all jealous, even though I have just bought a specialist zoom
lens for my camera ! On the right you will see a photo that I took in Lake
Manyara National Park when I flew out to join Liz at the end of her B2A trip
I shall follow
the policy that I have followed in previous years which is to consider the
safari as 'private time' and will end the blog here.
I hope that you
have enjoyed reading about the exploits of the dentists and nurses whilst
they have been in Tanzania. If you think that there is any way that I can
improve on this blog in future years do drop me a line at
Asante Sana !